Publications by Xiaoming Zhai

Zhai, X., Yue, Y., Pellegrino, J. W., Haudek, K. C., & Shi, L. (2020). Applying machine learning in science assessment: a systematic review. Studies In Science Education, 56, 111-151.
Zhai, X., Haudek, K. C., Stuhlsatz, M., & Wilson, C. D. (2020). Evaluation of construct-irrelevant variance yielded by machine and human scoring of a science teacher PCK constructed response assessment. Studies In Educational Evaluation, 67, 100916.
Haudek, K. C., & Zhai, X. (2021). Exploring the Effect of Assessment Construct Complexity on Machine Learning Scoring of Argumentation. In NARST Annual Conference. Virtual: National Association for Research on Science Teaching and Learning. Retrieved from (Original work published 04/2021AD)
Zhai, X., Haudek, K. C., Shi, L., Nehm, R. H., & Urban-Lurain, M. (2020). From substitution to redefinition: A framework of machine-learning based science assessment. Journal Of Research In Science Teaching. (Original work published 10/2020AD)